We analyzed 150 cases of uterine rupture in late pregnancy that occurred over an 8-year period at the State Maternity Hospital in Ankara, Turkey. The incidence of uterine rupture was 1 in 966 deliveries, and 114 uterine ruptures occurred in previously scarred uteri. Rupture of the unscarred uterus is a more catastrophic event. There is a marked difference in fetal and maternal outcome between the group with a previously scarred uterus and the group without a previous scar. Common etiological factors for uterine rupture were grandmultiparity, cephalopelvic disproportion, fetal malpresentation, and oxytocin stimulation of labor. The fetal wastage was high, a perinatal mortality of 32.2% being recorded, but 98% of mothers were saved. Hysterectomy was commonly performed in this group. Repair of the uterus should only be performed when the rupture is simple, is in the lower segment and has no sign of infection.