All religious groups position the place of worship symbolically at their existence and confirmation policies in modern Turkey. Besides these ontological approaches of the religious groups to the temples, the official approach considers the temples as functional. The official perception is based on the Universalist and rational architectural idea of the modernization paradigm. In this study, the temple problematic which appears at the space policy revealed by the identity definitions and preferences of the ruling elites of the first period and its instrumentality is mentioned in the context of the modernization paradigm in Turkey. Therefore as one major focus for the identity discussions on how the place of worship is located as a symbol in the cultural system and its place in the discourses are problematized. The subject is limited to the state and religious groups' perception of the temple in Turkey. In this context, a memory analysis has been made through the two actors' perception of the temple architecture. The subject has been discussed by the documentation method and comparative perspective. It is intended to determine the effect of both perceptions' differences about the material structure of the temple on the religion-state relations during the Republican period in Turkey. Results of the examination show that the perspective differences between the official approach and religious groups have led the religion-state relations to be fragile and unresolved areas to be occurred. While the official perspective adopted an architecture-centric perception by choosing the functional approach, religious groups have included the temple in the field of the liberties by establishing a link between the temple and their ontological entities.