Effect of heat on seed germination of Pinus sylvestris and Pinus nigra ssp pallasiana

Turna I., Bilgili E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF WILDLAND FIRE, vol.15, no.2, pp.283-286, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1071/wf05069
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.283-286
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The present note presents and explains the results of a study dealing with the germination of seeds subjected to heat. Seeds of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Anatolian black pine (Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana) were exposed to a range of temperatures (70, 90, 110, 130, and 150 degrees C) for different exposure times (1 and 5 min). Germination rates were similar for all treatments and control at 1 min exposure for Anatolian black pine seeds, and almost no germination took place for all treatments at 5 min exposure. Similar results were obtained for Scots pine seeds, with the exception of a sharp decrease in the number of seeds germinated above 110 degrees C. The effect of increasing the exposure time to 5 min was immediate, and no germination took place above 90 degrees C. Results obtained indicate that seeds of the two species do not necessarily need fire for successful regeneration, but fires may have a positive effect on the germination by removing crown cover, thereby providing more light for the seeds deposited to the ground.