The Perception of Women in Trabzon Sharia Court Records Thoughts on Definitions of Women over Gender, Sexuality and Status


ÖZCAN A.

HAWWA, vol.21, no.2, pp.147-171, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1163/15692086-bja10031
  • Journal Name: HAWWA
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, ATLA Religion Database, Gender Studies Database, Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.147-171
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Being a woman in Muslim or other religious societies does not include a process in which only religious rules are in effect. Instead, the experiences of women are deter-mined by political, social , economic conditions, , reflect the cultural precedents created by past societies, whether Muslim or not Hence, the way women are described in a society they belong in emerges as a cultural reflection that bears each and every ele-ment in that particular society. Therefore, it is not possible to consider apart from this circumstance the descriptions of women in Ottoman Trabzon Sharra court records. In this study, the definitions of women who lived in Ottoman Trabzon over their gender and, occasionally, their sexuality, reflected in the discourses of Sharra courts are dis-cussed, and the social and legal status of such women is examined. This investigation is placed within the framework of religious and cultural conditions which impacted such definitions and descriptions. This study has been based on evidence available in early seventeenth-century Ottoman Trabzon Sharra court records.