Cloning, purification, and characterization of a thermostable alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Anoxybacillus kestanbolensis AC26Sari

ÇANAKÇI S., Kacagan M., Inan K., BELDÜZ A. O., Saha B. C.

APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol.81, no.1, pp.61-68, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00253-008-1584-1
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.61-68
  • Keywords: alpha-L-Arabinofuranosidase, Anoxybacillus kestanbolensis, Arabinan, Arabinoxylan, Arabinooligosaccharides, GEOBACILLUS-STEAROTHERMOPHILUS T-6, ASPERGILLUS-NIGER, CELL-WALL, IDENTIFICATION, DEGRADATION
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The gene, AbfAC26Sari, encoding an alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Anoxybacillus kestanbolensis AC26Sari, was isolated, cloned, sequenced, and characterizated. On the basis of amino acid sequence similarities, this 57-kDa enzyme could be assigned to family 51 of the glycosyl hydrolase classification system. Characterization of the purified recombinant alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase produced in Escherichia coli BL21 revealed that it is active at a broad pH range (pH 4.5 to 9.0) and at a broad temperature range (45-85 degrees C) and it has an optimum pH of 5.5 and an optimum temperature of 65 degrees C. Kinetic experiment at 65 degrees C with p-nitrophenyl alpha-L-arabinofuranoside as a substrate gave a V-max and K-m values of 1,019 U/mg and 0.139 mM, respectively. The enzyme had no apparent requirement of metal ions for activity, and its activity was strongly inhibited by 1 mM Cu2+ and Hg2+. The recombinant arabinofuranosidase released L-arabinose from arabinan, arabinoxylan, oat spelt xylan, arabinobiose, arabinotriose, arabinotetraose, and arabinopentaose. Endoarabinanase activity was not detected. These findings suggest that AbfAC26Sari is an exo-acting enzyme.