Numerical modeling of heat and mass transfer during forced convection drying of rectangular moist objects

Kaya A., Aydin O., DINCER I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, vol.49, pp.3094-3103, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


A two-dimensional analysis of heat and mass transfer during drying of a rectangular moist object is performed using an implicit finite difference method, with the convective boundary conditions at all surfaces of the moist object. The variable convective heat and mass transfer coefficients are considered during the drying process. The external flow and temperature fields are first numerically predicted through the Fluent CFD package. From these distributions, the local distributions of the convective heat transfer coefficients are determined, which are then used to predict local distributions of the convective mass transfer coefficients through the analogy between the thermal and concentration boundary layers. Also, the temperature and moisture distributions for different periods of time are obtained using the code developed to determine heat and mass transfer inside the moist material. Furthermore, the influence of the aspect ratio on the heat and mass transfer is studied. It is found that the convective heat transfer coefficient varies from 4.33 to 96.16 W/m(2) K, while the convective mass transfer coefficient ranges between 9.28 x 10(-7) and 1.94 x 10(-5) m/s at various aspect ratios. The results obtained from the present analysis are compared with the experimental data taken from the literature, and a good agreement is observed. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.