Today, the use of essential oils is increasing day by day, and it is considered as raw materials in many industries. Therefore, this study aims to identify the essential oil profile, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Rosa canina L. and Rosa pimpinellifolia L. reveal their potential use in the industry. Essential oils that were obtained in 2013-2014 from different parts (flower, leaf, stem, and fruit) of Rosa canina L. and Rosa pimpinellifolia L. by the hydro-distillation method were analyzed by GC/MS. The dominant components in Rosa canina L. were found as trans-geraniol in the flowers (42.08 % for 2013), linalool in the leaves (11.55 % for 2014), and stem (14.91 % for 2013) and vitispirane in the fruits (37.19 % for 2014). The dominant components in R. pimpinellifolia L. were found as heneicosane in the flowers (22.07 % for 2014), γ-elemene in the leaves (30.21 % for 2013), linalool in the stem (14.76 % for 2013) and the fruits, (E)-2-hexenal for those collected in 2013 (14.09 %). The IC50 and FRAP values of the samples ranged from 127.54 to 142.22 μg/g and 121.43 to 296.78 μmol TE/ g, respectively. According to the results obtained, both R. canina L. and R. pimpinellifolia L. were found to show poor antioxidant values of DPPH and FRAP. In general, it was determined that the essential oils obtained from different plant parts of both species had a moderate antimicrobial effect against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.