Background. Various tracheal reconstruction techniques have been developed for stenosis. Different types of grafts, flaps and synthetic materials have been used for reconstruction of the defect when primary anastomosis was unsuccessful or not indicated. The mentioned reconstruction methods have limited success. Polytetrafluoro-ethylene (PTFE) prosthesis is a microporous polymer and has been applied for implantation on a wide range. It is also appropriate for tracheal reconstruction.