Electronic Nose Odor Classification with Advanced Decision Tree Structures

Guney S., Atasoy A., Burget R.

RADIOENGINEERING, vol.22, no.3, pp.874-882, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.874-882
  • Keywords: Electronic nose, odor classification, machine learning, data-mining, NEAREST-NEIGHBOR ALGORITHM, FEATURE-EXTRACTION, MULTICLASS, PREDICTION, ARRAY
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Electronic nose (e-nose) is an electronic device which can measure chemical compounds in air and consequently classify different odors. In this paper, an e-nose device consisting of 8 different gas sensors was designed and constructed. Using this device, 104 different experiments involving 11 different odor classes (moth, angelica root, rose, mint, polis, lemon, rotten egg, egg, garlic, grass, and acetone) were performed. The main contribution of this paper is the finding that using the chemical domain knowledge it is possible to train an accurate odor classification system. The domain knowledge about chemical compounds is represented by a decision tree whose nodes are composed of classifiers such as Support Vector Machines and k-Nearest Neighbor. The overall accuracy achieved with the proposed algorithm and the constructed e-nose device was 97.18 %. Training and testing data sets used in this paper are published online.