An environmentally friendly organosolv (ethanol-water) pulping of poplar wood


Akgul M., KIRCI H.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY, cilt.30, ss.735-740, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 30 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.735-740

Özet

In this study pulp production from the fast growing plant, poplar, was examined for organosolv pulping with or without catalysts. In order to find the optimum cooking conditions, 18 different cooking experiments were carried out. The effect of ethanol ratio, cooking time as well as catalyst was studied. It was observed that even at lower temperature (90 degrees C), cooking without catalyst was able to cause sufficient defiberization. It was seen that the increasing proportion of catalyst and cooking temperature resulted in an increased delignification. However in the case of using 0.02% acid catalyst pulp yield and viscosity were lowered to an unacceptable level. The most important cooking factors were found to be the proportion of acid catalyst Furthermore, the delignification performance was found to be depending on the pH of the black liquor In a result, the optimum pulp properties were obtained by cooking at 180 degrees C for 90 min with 50% ethanol mixture without catalyst. The pulp yield was noted as 44.49%, viscosity was 892 cm(2) g(-1) and the kappa number was 67.

In this study pulp production from the fast growing plant, poplar, was examined for organosolv pulping with or without catalysts. In order to find the optimum cooking conditions, 18 different cooking experiments were carried out. The effect of ethanol ratio, cooking time as well as catalyst was studied. It was observed that even at lower temperature (90 degrees C), cooking without catalyst was able to cause sufficient defiberization. It was seen that the increasing proportion of catalyst and cooking temperature resulted in an increased delignification. However in the case of using 0.02% acid catalyst pulp yield and viscosity were lowered to an unacceptable level. The most important cooking factors were found to be the proportion of acid catalyst Furthermore, the delignification performance was found to be depending on the pH of the black liquor In a result, the optimum pulp properties were obtained by cooking at 180 degrees C for 90 min with 50% ethanol mixture without catalyst. The pulp yield was noted as 44.49%, viscosity was 892 cm(2) g(-1) and the kappa number was 67