The effect of three different primary teeth rotary instrument systems on the amount of apically extruded debris in pulpectomy of primary teeth


Abdulhaligov M., YILMAZ N., TÜZÜNER T., BAYGIN Ö., EMEKSİZ ARAR C.

EUROPEAN ORAL RESEARCH, vol.2, no.58, pp.58-63, 2024 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2 Issue: 58
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/eor.20241057693
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN ORAL RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.58-63
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Purpose The objective of this study is to evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris and working time during root canal treatment with three different primary teeth rotary instrument systems. Materials and Methods A total of 80 extracted primary second molar teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n=20) stratified by the instruments used: AF Baby Rotary, Easyinsmile Baby Rotary, Endoart Pedo Gold, and hand files. The apical extrusion of debris was collected then dried in Eppendorf tubes that were pre -weighed with 10 -4 precision micro -balance. The incubation period was set as 14 days at 37 degrees C. The dry weight was procured by deducting the preoperative weight from the postoperative weight. The systems' working time was calculated by chronometer. Mann Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction was used for pairwise comparison following the variance analysis with Kruskal Wallis test. Wilcoxon test was used for intragroup comparison. Results Although all instruments caused apically extruded debris (p<0.001), there was no statistically significant difference between the groups in debris extrusion. However, the longest working time was found in the manual K files, the Endoart Pedo Gold system had the shortest working time (p<0.001). Conclusion Our results demonstrate that all instrument systems caused apical extrusion of debris. Furthermore, the rotary instrument systems designed for primary teeth exhibited significantly shorter working time.