CLONINGER'S TEMPERAMENT AND CHARACTER DIMENSION OF PERSONALITY IN PATIENTS WITH ASTHMA


GULEC M. Y. , GULEC H., ÖZTUNA F. , Kose S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY IN MEDICINE, cilt.40, ss.273-287, 2010 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 40 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.2190/pm.40.3.d
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY IN MEDICINE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.273-287

Özet

Objective Psychosocial factors have been implicated as being Important in the onset and/or exacerbation of asthma This study was performed to evaluate the personality profiles of asthma patients Method Ninety-five asthmatic, 98 psoriatic patients, and 96 healthy controls completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAD, and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) The relationships between asthma illness duration asthma severity score depression, anxiety, and temperament and character personality variables were evaluated Reruns Asthmatic patients had significantly higher mean scores on the BAI, Harm Avoidance, Persistence, and Self transcendence dimensions and lower scores on the BDI Novelty Seeking, and Reward Dependence dimensions of the TCI than the psoriatic patients Significant group effect was found for the BDI and BAI scores in between groups Significant differences in TCI scores were found across groups except for Persistence and Self transcendence Post hoc tests revealed significantly lower Novelty Seeking, higher Harm Avoidance, lower Reward Dependence and higher Self-transcendence scores in patients with asthma Regression analysis revealed a significant effect between duration of illness and Persistence and Self-transcendence Illness seventy had a significant effect on the Harm Avoidance Anxiety scores had significant effect on the Harm Avoidance, Self-directedness, and Self-transcendence Depression scores had no significant effect on any of the TCI dimensions Conclusions Asthmatic patients can be distinguished by a specific pattern of temperament (low NS) and character (high ST) dimensions and compared with both psoriatic patients and healthy controls Illness duration is associated with ST scores, and illness seventy is associated with HA (Int l J Psychiatry in Medicine 2010 40 273 287)