Comparison of the Efficacy and Safety Profiles of Different P2Y12 Inhibitors in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in the COVID-19 Era


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Kavya A. N., ŞAHİN M.

CUREUS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, no.8, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier

Abstract

Background/aim: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is characterized by an increased risk of thrombotic and hemorrhagic events resulting from endothelial dysfunction. In patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), the dual antiplatelet therapy used to reduce mortality may increase the risk of bleeding. The study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety profiles of P2Y12 inhibitors used during the COVID-19 era.Materials and methods: Three hundred and ninety patients who underwent primary percutaneous intervention for STEMI between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2021, were included in this study, retrospectively. The patients were divided into groups according to their COVID-19 history and all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, stent thrombosis, and bleeding complications during hospitalization and at one-year follow-up were compared.Results: The mean age of the patients was 64.3 years and the mean follow-up period was 10.2 months; 80% of the patients were male and 44.6% had a history of COVID-19 infection. The in-hospital mortality rate was 11.3%. Cardiac mortality was significantly higher in the clopidogrel group compared to the other groups, regardless of COVID-19 history (21.9% in the clopidogrel group, 1.6% in the prasugrel group, and 6.7% in the ticagrelor group (p<0.001)). There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of bleeding complications and relation to COVID-19.Conclusion: In STEMI patients treated with different P2Y12 inhibitors, there was no significant difference in mortality, bleeding, stroke, and thrombotic complications, regardless of the presence or absence of COVID-19 infection.