This research elucidates the geochemical behaviour of cemented paste backfill (CPB) of sulphide-rich tailings (S-rT). The dynamic-tank leaching test was performed on the CPBs for up to 360 days. The CPBs with the alkaline industrial by-products (AIPs) produced relatively lower acidity, Ec and SO(4)(2-)than the Control. The AIPs replacement appeared to considerably mitigate the release of heavy metals (HMs) including As. Only Mo and As in CPBs of AIPs exceeded the limit-values for ground-water. These findings demonstrated that a suitable CPB mixture design to control the release of all HMs in CPB is of practical importance for ground-water quality.