Improving magnetic properties of MgB2 bulk superconductors by synthetic engine oil treatment

Koparan E. T., Savaskan B., Yanmaz E.

PHYSICA C-SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND ITS APPLICATIONS, vol.527, pp.36-40, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 527
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physc.2016.05.006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.36-40
  • Keywords: MgB2 superconductor, Synthetic engine oil, Critical current density, Pinning force density, CRITICAL-CURRENT DENSITY, UPPER CRITICAL FIELDS, ENHANCEMENT, GRAPHENE, TAPES, ADDITIONS, ROUTE, WIRES, J(C)
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The present study focuses on the effects of standby time of the MgB2 samples immersed in synthetic engine oil on the critical current density (J(c) (H)), magnetic field dependence of the pinning force density f(p)(b) and T-c performances of MgB2 bulk superconductors. Synthetic engine oil was used as a product which is cheap and a rich carbon source. Manufactured MgB 2 pellet samples were immersed at different standby time of 30 min, 120 min, 300 min and 1440 min in synthetic engine oil after the first heating process. Finally, MgB2 samples immersed in synthetic engine oil were sintered at 1000 degrees C and kept for 15 min in Ar atmosphere. The critical current density of all of MgB2 samples immersed at different standby time in engine oil in whole field range was better than that of the pure MgB2 sample because of the number of the pinning centers. The MgB2 sample immersed at 300 min standby time in synthetic engine oil has the best performance compared to other samples. The J(c) value for the pure sample is 2.0 x 10(3) A/cm(2), whereas for the MgB 2 sample immersed at 300 min standby time in engine oil the Jc is enhanced to 4.8 x 10(3) A/cm(2) at 5 K and 3 T. The superconducting transition temperature (Tc) did not change with the increasing standby time of the samples in synthetic engine oil at all. The best diamagnetic property was obtained from the sample which kept in synthetic engine oil for 300 min. Synthetic engine oil treatment results in remarkable improvement of the critical current density and pinning force performances of MgB2 superconductors. It was found that all MgB2 samples have a different pinning property at different measuring temperatures. Using synthetic engine oil as a product which is cheap and a rich carbon source in MgB2 bulk superconductors makes MgB 2 samples immersed in synthetic engine oil a good candidate for industrial applications. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.