Monument Usage in Landscape Architecture: Example of Trabzon City


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DÜZENLİ T. , MUMCU S. , Eren E. T.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.7, ss.553-564, 2018 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 7 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v7i1.1396
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.553-564

Özet

Monuments play a key role in the formation of a common memory and community consciousness by symbolizing important events or situations in the lives of people and societies and establish diverse dialogues with their surroundings in this context. The monument-art works to be placed in open spaces are important in terms of shaping social life and fulfill functions such as warning and activating society. For this reason, the use of monuments in open spaces is a matter for landscape architects to explore. The aim of the study is to determine the purposes and functions of monuments in urban open spaces. In this context, monuments in the city center of Trabzon are photographed and their usage types are classified. As a result, the monuments in urban open spaces in Trabzon are mostly composed of Ataturk and the persons in the history of the city (Kanuni Sultan Suleyman, Yavuz Sultan Selim, Mimar Sinan Etc.) And secondly the figures and events reflecting the culture of the city (horon/dancing figures, kamancha playing figures, anchovy, Trabzonspor etc.) Finally, it is seen that the expressions (military, martyr, etc.) reflect the national spirit. So in the monuments; it has been determined that the historical, cultural and social characteristics of the city are gaining more importance.