Measurement and Modelling of Particulate Matter Emissions from Harbor Activities at a Port Area: A Case Study of Trabzon, Turkey


Köse S.

Journal of ETA Maritime Science , vol.8, no.4, pp.286-301, 2020 (Journal Indexed in ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/jems.2020.49389
  • Title of Journal : Journal of ETA Maritime Science
  • Page Numbers: pp.286-301

Abstract

Due to the versatile activities caused by the services provided at the harbor, a large amount of particulate matter is emanated. The health of living things is seriously threatened by the spread of these substances in the air due to the effect of many environmental factors. The size of this threat may reach much higher levels, especially at ports located close to city centers.In this study, atthe Trabzon Port area, PM10 and PM (deposited dust) measurements from the harbor activities were carried out at 9 different points between February 2019 and April 2019 and the dispersion of these particulate matter into the environment is analyzed utilizing the ISCST3 (Industrial Source Complex - Short Term) model program. It is detected that the highest amount of measured PM10 (suspended particulate matter) is at the dock 3 with 1.84 mg/Nm3 and the highest amount of PM (deposited dust) is in the dock loading area with 203 mg/m2 -day. In the modelling study, it is determined that the particulate matter disperse around an area of 25 km2 in the south direction of the port, and it is concluded that port air quality management will focus on precautions for docks where intensive loading-unloading activities take place.