The podiform chromitites in the Dagkuplu and Kavak mines, Eskisehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): Genetic implications of mineralogical and geochemical data


GEOLOGICA ACTA, vol.7, no.3, pp.351-362, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1344/105.000001442
  • Journal Name: GEOLOGICA ACTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.351-362
  • Keywords: Chromite, Platinum-group minerals, Platinum-group elements, Eskisehir ophiolite, Turkey, PLATINUM-GROUP ELEMENTS, NORTHERN OMAN OPHIOLITE, CHROMIAN SPINEL, GIANT CHROMITE, UPPER-MANTLE, COMPLEX, PGE, DEPOSITS, ORIGIN, CR
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Mantle tectonites from Eskisehir (NW-Turkey) include high-Cr chromitites with limited variation of Cr#, ranging from 65 to 82. Mg# ratios are between 54 and 72 and chromite grains contain up to 3.71 wt% Fe(2)O(3) and 0.30 wt% TiO(2). PGE contents are variable and range from 109 to 533 pbb. Chondrite-normalized PGE patterns are flat from Os to Rh and negatively sloping from Rh to Pd. Total PGE contents and low Pd/Ir ratios (from 0.07 to 0.41) of chromitites are consistent with typical ophiolitic chromitites. Chromite grains contain a great number of solid inclusions. They comprise mainly of highly magnesian (Mg# 95-98) mafic silicates (olivine, amphibole and clinopyroxene) and base-metal sulfide inclusions of millerite (NiS), godlevskite (Ni(7)S(6)), bornite (C(5)FeS(4)) with minor Ni arsenides of maucherite (Ni(11)As(8)) and orcelite (Ni(5-x)As(2)), and unnamed Cu(2)FeS(3) phases. Heazlewoodite, awaruite, pyrite, and rare putoranite (Cu(9)Fe, Ni(9)S(16)) were also detected in the matrix of chromite as secondary minerals. Laurite [(Ru, Os)S(2)] was the only platinum-group minerals found as primary inclusions in chromite. They occur as euhedral to subhedral crystals trapped within chromite grains and are believed to have formed in the high temperature magmatic stage during chromite crystallization. Laurite has limited compositional variation, range between Ru(0.94)Os(0.03)Ir(0.02)S(1.95) and Ru(0.64)Os(0.21)Ir(0.10)S(1.85), and contain up to 1.96 at% Rh and 3.67 at% As. Close association of some laurite grains with amphibole and clinopyroxene indicates crystallization from alkali rich fluid bearing melt in the suprasubduction environment. The lack of any IPGE alloys, as well as the low Os-content of laurite, assumes that the melt from which chromite and laurite were crystallized had relatively high fS(2) but never reached the fS(2) to crystallize the erlichmanite. The presence of millerite, as primary inclusions in chromite, reflects the increasing fS(2) during the chromite crystallization.