The Relationship between Unemployment and Growth: Evidence from Turkish Manufacturing Industry

Baris-Tuzemen O., Tuzemen S.

SOSYOEKONOMI, vol.27, no.39, pp.133-149, 2019 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 39
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2019.01.08
  • Journal Name: SOSYOEKONOMI
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.133-149
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the study is to examine the short and the long-run relationship between the unemployment and the manufacturing industry in Turkey for the period between 2005:Q and 2017:Q4. For this purpose, firstly the combined cointegration technique, which is developed by Bayer and Hanck (2012), is applied to reveal the long-run relationship. For the short run relationship, on the other hand, the symmetric and the asymmetric causal relationships among the variables are investigated using the Hacker and Hatemi-J (2006) and Hatemi-J (2012) methods. The findings show that the variables are not cointegrated. In other words, there is no long-run relationship between the unemployment rate and the manufacturing industry growth. According to the symmetric causality test of Hacker and Hatemi-J (2006), no causality is detected. However, Hatemi-J (20012) asymmetric causality test suggests that there is only one unidirectional causality. The direction of the causality is from the negative shocks of the unemployment rate to the negative shocks of the manufacturing industry. The results support the jobless growth phenomenon for the manufacturing sector in Turkey.