Effect of parental variables on psychological difficulties of gifted children


Olgun Kaval N. , Tekinsav Sütcü G. S.

16th International Congress of ESCAP European Society for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Madrid, Spain, 20 - 24 June 2015, vol.1, no.24, pp.246

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00787-015-0714-4
  • City: Madrid
  • Country: Spain
  • Page Numbers: pp.246

Abstract

Despite some of the studies on the gifted children indicated that these children have more emotional difficulties, lately, there is an increasing consensus on the idea that these children don’t experience more difficulties than normal children. However, studies showed that gifted children have some vulnerabilities such as perfectionism, intense sensitivity and unsynchronized emotional-physical and mental development. In addition studies indicated that their parents have some characteristics such as unrealistic expectations and over involvement. It is thought that these factors are posing a risk for gifted children to develop behavioral and emotional problems. Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine whether the effect of parental variables on psychological difficulties of gifted children is more than that of non-gifted children. Method: Participants (Sample): 158 Turkish gifted and 214 nongifted children aged between 8 and 12 participated. Measures: The Parenting Scale (PS), Child Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire/Control Mother-Father (Short Form) (Child PARQ/Control M-F (SF), The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and a demographic form were used in this study. Results: Regression analysis results showed that perceived parental acceptance-rejection and the parental styles have more predictive power in psychological difficulties of gifted children than that of nongifted children. Discussion: The results can be explained by sensitivity of gifted children to the environment. Keywords: Gifted child, Parenting, Parental acceptance-rejection, Psychological difficulties.