Background. Various topical pharmacologic agents have been investigated for their efficacy in preventing or reversing skin flap ischemia. Most of these studies have focused on agents that act on the vascular smooth muscles to cause vasodilatation and improve circulation in the flap. Most of local anesthetics relax vascular smooth muscle and produce peripheral vasodilatation. Topical lidocaine administration was shown that it was an effective and prompt resolution of mechanically induced vasospasm. The topical analgesia cream, EMLA is a mixture of the substances lidocaine and prilocaine. EMLA causes a biphasic vascular response comprising initial blanching and vasoconstriction (maximal after 1.5 h of application) and late erythema and vasodilatation at application times longer than 3 h.