© 2021 Elsevier Inc.Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in serum irisin, fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21), visfatin, follistatin like protein-1 (FSTL1), and meteorin-like protein (Metrnl) levels in response to increased physical activity and/or diet interventions in overweight subjects with impaired glucose metabolism (IGM). Methods: A total of 60 subjects (BMI > 25.0 kg/m2) with IGM were recruited in this single-centered interventional study. Twelve subjects dropped out during the study and the study was completed with 48 patients. Patients were divided into two groups as diet only (DI, n = 24) and diet and physical activity intervention (DPA, n = 24). Patients in DI group received a diet program while DPA group received a diet combined with a physical activity intervention for 12 weeks. Additional 24 healthy subjects were recruited to compare the baseline levels of proteins. Serum protein levels, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical parameters were assessed. Results: Irisin, FGF21, visfatin, and FSTL1 levels significantly decreased in both groups after 12-week intervention (p < 0.001). However, there were no differences in protein levels between DI and DPA groups (p > 0.05). Likewise, the total change in weight was similar in both DI (−4.35 kg) and DPA (−4.85 kg) groups (p > 0.05). A 5% reduction in initial body weight with DPA therapy resulted in a stronger correlation between the changes in irisin, visfatin, and FSTL1 levels and fasting glucose and HbA1c levels. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that serum irisin, FGF21, visfatin, and FSTL1 levels decreased in response to weight loss interventions. Weight loss induced by DI or DPA therapies had similar lowering effects on these proteins in subjects with IGM, and these myokines might be related to glucose metabolism biomarkers.