Conversion of olive husk to liquid fuel by pyrolysis and catalytic liquefaction

Demirbas A., Caglar A., Akdeniz F., Gullu D.

ENERGY SOURCES, vol.22, no.7, pp.631-639, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00908310050045582
  • Journal Name: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.631-639
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Thermochemical conversion processes, including mainly pyrolysis and liquefaction, were applied noncatalytically and catalytically to obtain the maximum fuels from olive husk wastes. Alkcali catalysts, such as NaOH, KOH, Na2CO3, K2CO2, and Na2C2O4, were used in catalytic liquefaction experiments. The pyrolysis was applied within 600-850 K and the liquefaction experiments were performed within the range 425-625 K. The maximum yields of liquid products were 40.4% from pyrolysis and 85% from KOH catalytic (1/1, w/w) liquefaction runs at 575 K.