Free Vibration and Buckling Analysis of Porous Two-Directional Functionally Graded Beams Using a Higher-Order Finite Element Model


Journal of Vibration Engineering and Technologies, vol.12, no.1, pp.1133-1152, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s42417-023-00898-5
  • Journal Name: Journal of Vibration Engineering and Technologies
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1133-1152
  • Keywords: FGM, Finite element, Free vibration and buckling, Parabolic shear deformation theory, Porous 2D FG beams, FORCED VIBRATION, SANDWICH BEAMS, STABILITY ANALYSIS, TIMOSHENKO, DYNAMICS
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A new type of functionally graded material (FGM) with material properties varying in two or three directions is needed to obtain materials with better mechanical properties and high-temperature resistance for use in the military, aerospace, automotive, and engineering structures. Considering the porosity that occurs during the production of these materials, it has become necessary to examine the free vibration and buckling behaviors. Therefore, this study investigated free vibration and buckling analysis of porous two-directional functionally graded (2D FG) beams subject to various boundary conditions. A high-order finite element based on parabolic shear deformation theory (PSDT) is proposed to solve this problem. Three types of porosity distributions were used in the study (FGP-1, FGP-2, and FGP-3). The governing equations are derived from Lagrange’s principle. The material change in the beam volume in both directions is defined by a power-law rule. The dimensionless fundamental frequencies and critical buckling loads are obtained for various boundary conditions, gradation exponents (px, pz), porosity coefficient (e), porosity distribution, and slenderness (L/h). The numerical results obtained with the proposed higher-order finite element are compatible with the literature.