© 2015,Gulhane Military Medical Academy. All rights reserved.AIM: To assess awareness of emergency contraception and related factors in women living at rural and urban residences of Trabzon city center. METHODS: It's a cross-sectional study and the data was collected via face to face technique with the participation of women who were selected by simple random sampling method. Total of 420 women between ages of 20-44 participated to the questionnairre based study. Chi-square test and logistic regression test were performed for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The 36.9% of participants stated that they heard of emergency contraception where 63.1% did not. Of the women, 96.0% didn't report any use of emergency contraception and 2.6, 1.0 and 0.4% reported ever usage of emergency contraception as once, twice, three and more, respectively. Living in rural residence, having education level of primary school and under, early age of marriage, increased age were determined as independent factors for emergency contraception unawareness in logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: Being aware of emergency contraception and its usage were low in our study. As emergency contraception is considered to be a second chance method, indications of emergency contraception should firstly be known by health professionals and correct informations should be transferred to public. Thereby, emergency contraception methods can be used effectively and practically.