ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF TOURISM RESEARCH, vol.24, no.8, pp.822-838, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SSCI)
Article / Article
Title of Journal :
ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF TOURISM RESEARCH
Income inequality, tourism growth, economic growth, Kuznets curve, Turkey, ARDL test, Bayer and Hanck cointegration, Fourier ADF, trade openness, foreign direct investment, KUZNETS CURVE HYPOTHESIS, PANEL CAUSALITY ANALYSIS, LED-GROWTH HYPOTHESIS, ECONOMIC-GROWTH, ENERGY-CONSUMPTION, ERROR-CORRECTION, CO2 EMISSIONS, COINTEGRATION, POVERTY, DETERMINANTS
The aim of the study is to investigate the nexus between tourism and income inequality by employing the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) test cover the period 1974-2015 in Turkey. Findings indicated that the variables are cointegrated and an increase in tourism has a positive effect on income inequality, while economic growth and trade openness have a negative effect both in the long-run and short-run. Results also denote that tourism will decrease income inequality with the expansion of tourism activities and the spread of tourism throughout society. In other words, the tourism-related Kuznets Curve hypothesis is valid for Turkey.