Can tourism be a key sector in reducing income inequality? An empirical investigation for Turkey

ÜZAR U., Eyuboglu K.

ASIA PACIFIC JOURNAL OF TOURISM RESEARCH, vol.24, no.8, pp.822-838, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10941665.2019.1636105
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.822-838
  • Keywords: Income inequality, tourism growth, economic growth, Kuznets curve, Turkey, ARDL test, Bayer and Hanck cointegration, Fourier ADF, trade openness, foreign direct investment, KUZNETS CURVE HYPOTHESIS, PANEL CAUSALITY ANALYSIS, LED-GROWTH HYPOTHESIS, ECONOMIC-GROWTH, ENERGY-CONSUMPTION, ERROR-CORRECTION, CO2 EMISSIONS, COINTEGRATION, POVERTY, DETERMINANTS
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the study is to investigate the nexus between tourism and income inequality by employing the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) test cover the period 1974-2015 in Turkey. Findings indicated that the variables are cointegrated and an increase in tourism has a positive effect on income inequality, while economic growth and trade openness have a negative effect both in the long-run and short-run. Results also denote that tourism will decrease income inequality with the expansion of tourism activities and the spread of tourism throughout society. In other words, the tourism-related Kuznets Curve hypothesis is valid for Turkey.