Music, which has the power to miraculously affect the emotions, thoughts and behaviors of human beings, has been used for treatment in different geographies and cultures from ancient times until today. Music therapy and spiritual care have simila r characteristics in terms of applied individuals and purposes. Therefore, the use of these applications with similar aims in the physical and spiritual treatment of individuals with serious health problems is important in terms of enabling a holistic treatment. While music therapy is a very important supportive application in relieving, comforting and treating the elderly and patients in spiritual care services, it is not possible to say that music therapy is applied at an adequate level in our country. In this study, the historical background of the phenomenon of music, the approaches of the divine and worldly religions to music, the use of secular or religious music in health care and spiritual care activities in the world and the effects on psychological/physical health were discussed. The aim of this study was to raise awareness of the importance of the use of music in the new emerging spiritual care services in Turkey.