Comparison of wind speed distributions: a case study for Aegean coast of Turkey

Akgul F. G., ŞENOĞLU B.

ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, vol.45, no.1, pp.2453-2470, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15567036.2019.1663309
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, Greenfile, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.2453-2470
  • Keywords: Wind energy, maximum likelihood, wind speed distributions, model selection criteria, exponentiated Weibull, PROBABILITY-DISTRIBUTIONS, WEIBULL DISTRIBUTION, STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS, DISTRIBUTION MODELS, ENERGY, GENERATION, PARAMETERS, MOMENT, REGION, EAST
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The determination of wind speed characteristics is extremely important for estimating the wind power output. In this context, Weibull distribution is one of the most commonly used statistical distributions for modeling wind speed. However, despite its widespread usage, it may not be accurate for modeling all wind regimes. For this reason, alternative distributions are utilized for modeling wind speed data. In this study, we use Rayleigh, Inverse Weibull (IW), Burr Type III, Extreme Value (EV), Gamma, Inverse Gamma (IG), Marshall-Olkin extended Lindley (MOEL), generalized Extreme Value (GEV) and exponentiated Weibull (EW) distributions as alternatives to Weibull. Our aim is to determine the distribution which provides the best fit for different wind regimes encountered in nature. In the application part, data sets are taken from stations located on Turkey's Aegean coast and the fitting performances of the above-mentioned distributions are compared. In order to determine the appropriate wind speed distributions. Different model selection criteria are utilized.