Migration Characteristics of the Black Sea Trout (Salmo trutta labrax, Pallas, 1814) in the Eastern Black Sea Coasts and Streams


AKSUNGUR M., ZENGIN M., TABAK I., AKSUNGUR N., Alkan A.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES, vol.11, no.4, pp.623-630, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.4194/1303-2712-v11_4_17
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.623-630

Abstract

This study was done on the main streams and coastal zone where Black Sea Trout is mainly distributed. Although fario ecotype has reproductive and alimental migration in streams, the marine ecotype migrates between freshwater and marine in certain seasons. According to the data obtained, the smolt individuals of the marine ecotype living in streams since spawn have smoltification in stream mouths in spring (March- May) and go to the sea first in their lives. Some fish have smoltification in autumn. Black Sea Trout spawner individuals pass to freshwater at a period between April and June and have egg maturation there by autumn. Their return to the sea following spawning is between November and December. The findings obtained indicate that Black Sea Trout population has been depleted due to overfishing and disruption of their habitats. As a result, a new management strategy and protection programmes are vital for the recovery of the stocks.