After the conquest of Istanbul, Ottoman capital was relocated to this city and the multiconnectional waterways passing between Asia and Europa became the Turkish Straits. When reached to the northern coasts of the Black Sea, the Turkish Straits became a concern of security and commerce for Tsarist Russia. From the last decades of 19th century Russian desires on Istanbul and the Straits could not be fulfilled and until present day the desire to control the straits remains. The war of 1877-78 brought destructive consequences for the Ottomans and paved the way for Russia to have some control on maritime navigation through Straits. The balance of power during this period did not allow Russian military control over the Straits. However, it was an undeniable reality that Russian merchant ships had obtained freedom of navigation within the Straits after the year of 1878. In order to lessen Russian influence as much as possible and get adapted to new condition the Ottoman government was forced to issue a new regulation for the merchant ships operating in the Straits. The new directive brought some rules and rights for foreign vessels, including the one that limited the Ottoman government to impose penalties or retribution towards prohibited activities carried out by the Russian commercial ships..