Effects of hardener type, urea usage and conditioning period on the quality properties of particleboard

ATAR I., NEMLİ G., Ayrilmis N., BAHAROGLU M., Sari B., Bardak S.

MATERIALS & DESIGN, vol.56, pp.91-96, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.10.078
  • Journal Name: MATERIALS & DESIGN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-96
  • Keywords: Particleboard, Hardener type, Urea usage, Conditioning period, Formaldehyde emission, Surface roughness, FORMALDEHYDE EMISSION, MOLE RATIO, RESIN, ADHESIVES, DENSITY, SHELL
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The effects of hardener type (ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate and aluminium sulphate), urea usage (with urea and without urea), and conditioning period (one day and one month) of the particleboard on the physical (thickness swelling), mechanical (modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity and internal bond strength), surface properties, and formaldehyde emission of particleboard and acidity of the wood particles were investigated. The hardener type was found to be effective all of the properties of particleboard. The pH of the wood particle with the urea was slightly higher than that of particles without urea.