Comparison of Rhinoplasty Patients Informed With Standard Verbal Information in Preoperative Period and Rhinoplasty Patients Informed and Treated With Visual Information Through Catalog in Terms of the Development of Agitation, Edema and Ecchymose in the Postoperative Period


JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.31, no.3, pp.816-820, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/scs.0000000000006206
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.816-820


Aim: In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of standard verbal information in the preoperative period and the information by visual expression and physical applications in the development of agitation, edema and ecchymosis in the postoperative period. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in 60 ASA I-II patients who were going to undergo open rhinoplasty by plastic surgery. In the Preoperative Anesthetic Assessment the patients were divided into two groups as the patients given standard verbal information (Group S; n = 30) and those informed with a catalog which contains visuals (Group V; n = 30) In the preoperative period, anxiety levels of the patients were evaluated. Standard anesthesia induction was performed in both groups after standard monitoring. Patients were monitored in the post-anesthesia care unit and ward. Patient's extubation quality, presence of postoperative agitation and periorbital edema and ecchymosis at the 6th, 12th, 18th, and 24th hours were evaluated. Results: No significant difference was found between the groups in terms of intraoperative and postoperative MAP, HR, extubation quality, presence of recovery agitation, postoperative pain, development edema and ecchymosis (P > 0.05). Significant positive correlation was found between post-extubation MAP and edema scores at the 16th and 24th hours postoperatively and between the post-anesthesia care unit entry MAP and ecchymosis at the 24th postoperative hours independently of the groups (r = 0.27;P = 0.038, r = 0.302;P = 0.019, r = 0.345;P = 0.007, respectively). Result: In our study, it was concluded that detailed visual information and physical application in the preoperative period among rhinoplasty patients had no effect on the incidence of postoperative agitation, development of edema and ecchymosis.