Proximate Composition, Fatty Acid Profile and Mineral Content of Wild Brown Trout (Salmo trutta sp.) From Munzur River in Tunceli, Turkey


Kayim M., Oksuz A., Ozyilmaz A., Kocabas M., Can E., Kizak V., ...More

ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.23, no.8, pp.3533-3537, 2011 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Name: ASIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3533-3537

Abstract

In present study, the proximate composition, fatty acid profile and mineral content of wild brown trout living in Munzur river (Tunceli/Turkey) were investigated. The average level of protein, lipid, moisture and ash content of muscle of the wild brown trout was calculated to be 17.48, 2.3, 77.8 and 1.5 %, respectively. Thirty fatty acids were identified in this study. Identification of the fatty acid was carried out with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUPA) were found the highest fatty acid followed by that of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n3) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n3), linolenic acid (LNA, C18:3n3) and linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n6) were found to be predominant fatty acids in PUFAs with the percentages of 11.25, 6.82, 6.30 and 4.88, respectively. The ratio of n3/n6 and DHA /EPA was calculated to be 4.55 and 1.65, respectively. Twelve elements were determined in this study. Determination of elements was performed with ICP-AES. P and K were the predominant element among the minerals analyzed and calculated to be 1305.56-2967.06 and 1908.68-1220.10 mg kg(-1) in muscle-skin of the wild brown trout, respectively.