An Investigation of Physical Activity and Social Self- Efficacy of University Students: The Example of Turkey and England


Hestourex - World Health, Sport, Tourism Congress & Exhibition, Antalya, Turkey, 6 - 09 April 2017, pp.206

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Antalya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.206
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this cross-cultural study exposes physical activity participation in relation to perceived social self-efficacy (PSSE) between Turkey and England university students. The study group of the research consists of 1087 (523 women and 564 men) students from Turkey and 232 (116 women and 116 men) students from England who completed a questionnaire package that included The Stages of Change for Exercise scale and The Perceived Social Self-Efficacy Scale. Descriptive statistics, t test for independent groups, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Chi-Square test and Pearson’s Correlation test were used as an statistical analysis. Results show that the perceived social self-efficacy was a significant relation on stage of change for exercise behavior (SCES) in Turkey but there was no significant relation between PSSE and SCES in England university students, and university students in Turkey have more PSSE than university students in England. Furthermore, it was found significant differences for the stages of change in exercise behavior between Turkey and England and that university students living in England are significantly more physically active than students living in Turkey. This result could explain that England has more sport neighborhood and facilities than Turkey. We conclude that the cross-cultural effect on the stages of change for exercise is mediated by perceived social self-efficacy among university students in Turkey.

Keywords: social self-efficacy, stages of change for exercise, university students, physical activity.