This paper describes a study of the sorptive removal of arsenate (As(V)) from aqueous solutions by synthetically prepared Mg-Fe-based hydrotalcites (FeHT) as layered double hydroxide (LDH) adsorbents. The synthesis of Fe3+-substituted hydrotalcites (FeHT) with the chemical formula [Mg(II)(6)Fe(II)(2)(OH)(16)](2+) [CO3 x yH(2)O](2-) was achieved by a co-precipitation method. The reaction products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction analysis. The influences of solution pH, initial arsenate (As(V)) concentration, and sorbent concentration were investigated in multiple kinetic runs. The adsorption rates and isotherms were investigated in batch experiments. The pseudo-first-order and second-order kinetic models were tested and the latter was found to fit better to the experimental data. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to describe the adsorption data from equilibrium experiments. The results have shown that FeHT has a high arsenate removal efficiency, with the ability to reduce the concentration of arsenate in the aqueous Solution from an initial value of 330 mu g/l to <10 mu g/l (i.e. below the limit value specified by WHO). (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.