Brucellosis is a major public health problem in Turkey and all over the world. joint pain, night sweats, anorexia, weakness, loss of weight and headache are the basic symptoms of brucellosis and the illness can affect many organs. Genitourinary involvement is reported in 2-20% of cases, epididimoorchitis being the most frequent complication, however, prostatic involvement is far more uncommon. In this paper, a case of Brucella prostatitis misdiagnosed as prostate carcinoma has been presented. A 50-years-old man who was a microbiology laboratory staff has been admitted to our outpatient clinic with the complaints of joint pain, weakness, fever, urgency, difficulty and pain during urination. Since prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 23.6 ng/ml (normal value < 4 ng/ml) and free PSA (fPSA) was 3.89 ng/ml (normal value < 1 ng/ml), needle biopsy from the prostate was performed. Blood cultures performed by BACTEC 9200 (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, Md.) system yielded Brucella melitensis, and the pathological examination of the prostate biopsy revealed prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis. Brucella standard tube agglutination titer was 1/320. Upon the diagnosis of Brucella prostatitis the patient was treated with a combination of 200 mg doxycycline and 600 mg rifampicin daily for 6 months. During the follow-up period no complication was detected in the patient and the PSA level decreased to 1.57 ng/ml and fPSA to 0.43 ng/ml. This case was reported to withdraw attention to prostatic involvement during brucellosis. Elevated PSA values with the signs and symptoms of brucellosis in endemic areas should be evaluated accordingly and appropriate therapy should be initiated without any delay.