Fanconi's anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease manifested by pancytopenia resulting from bone marrow failure, variable physical anomalies and cancer susceptibility. A seven-year-old girl with Fanconi's anemia-like congenital aplastic anemia and concurrent asplenia without the congenital heart defects or the abdominal heterotaxia is reported. Asplenia was indicated using denatured red cells labelled with(51) Cr, abdominal ultrasonography and computerized tomography. Immunological studies showed immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, IgM), C-3 and C-4 levels within normal limits and the percentage of CD3, and C-4 cells and the CD4/CD8 ratio decreased. The patient had not been exposed to recurrent pneumococcal infections. We think that isolated asplenia may occur in patients with Fanconi's anemia-like congenital aplastic anemia without the congenital heart diseases or abdominal heterotaxia.