Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome with rhabdomyolysis and increased creatinine

Cimbek E. A., Sen Y., Yuca S. A., Cam D., Gur C., Peru H.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, vol.28, no.11-12, pp.1383-1385, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 11-12
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/jpem-2014-0411
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1383-1385
  • Keywords: creatinine, Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome, rhabdomyolysis
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


Association of Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome-a myopathy of hypothyroidism in childhood characterized by muscular hypertrophy, with rhabdomyolysis is very rare. We present a case of Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne syndrome with rhabdomyolysis secondary to Hashimoto's thyroiditis. He had muscular symptoms simulating poly/dermatomyositis, massively elevated creatine kinase (CK) levels and high creatinine levels. All of the findings reversed on treatment of hypothyroidism. The response to the therapy strongly suggested that Kocher-Debre-Semelaigne (KDS) syndrome was the underlying etiology. Serum thyroid- stimulating hormone levels should be routinely determined in all patients with muscular symptoms and/or elevation of CK and creatinine, keeping KDS syndrome in mind.