Effects of cement dosage and steel fiber ratio on the mechanical properties of reactive powder concrete


ADVANCES IN CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION, vol.8, no.2, pp.139-144, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/acc.2019.8.2.139
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.139-144
  • Keywords: autoclave, reactive powder concrete, mechanical properties, steel fiber, silica fume
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the mechanical properties of reactive powder concrete (RPC) with a constant cement to silica fume ratio of 4 were investigated. In the experimental program, reactive powder concretes with steel fiber at different ratios were produced. Five productions using quartz sand with a maximum grain size of 0.6 mm were performed. A superplasticizer with a ratio of 3% of the cement was used for all productions. 40 x 40 x 160 mm prismatic specimens were prepared and tested for flexural and compression. The specimens were exposed to two different curing conditions as autoclave and standard curing condition. Autoclave exposure was performed for 3 hours under a pressure of 2 MPa. It was observed that the compressive strength of concrete, along with the flexural strength exposed to autoclave was quite high compared to the strength of concretes subjected to standard curing. The results obtained indicated that the compressive strength, along with the flexural strength of autoclaved concrete increased as the amount of cement used increases. Approximately 15% increase in flexural strength was achieved with a 4% steel fiber addition. The maximum compressive strength that has been reached is over 210 MPa for reactive powder concrete for the same steel fiber ratio and with a cement content of 960 kg/m(3). The relationship between compressive strength and flexural strength of reactive powder concrete exposed to both curing conditions was also identified.