Ag diffusion in ZnS thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis

Bacaksiz E., Gorur O., Tomakin A., Yanmaz E., Altunbas A.

MATERIALS LETTERS, vol.61, no.30, pp.5239-5242, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 30
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matlet.2007.04.038
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5239-5242
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: No


ZnS thin films were deposited by spray pyrolysis method on glass substrates. Diffusion of Ag in ZnS thin films was performed in the temperature range 80-400 degrees C under a nitrogen atmosphere. The diffusion of Ag is determined with XRF, and the obtained concentration profile allows to calculate the diffusion coefficient. The temperature dependence of Ag diffusion coefficient is determined by the equation D = 8 x 10(-9) exp(-0.10 eV / kT). It was found that the as-grown undoped high resistive n-type ZnS thin films were converted to the p-type upon Ag doping with a slight increase in resistivity only by rapid thermal annealing at 400 degrees C in N-2 atmosphere. In addition, the band gap of the p-type film was decreased as compared with the undoped sample annealed under the same conditions. The results were attributed to the migration of Ag atoms in polycrystalline ZnS films by means of both along intergrain surfaces and intragrain accompanied by interaction with native point defect. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.