Validity and Reliability Study of Safety Climate Scale

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Dursun S., Basol O., Sengul B.

JOURNAL OF ECONOMY CULTURE AND SOCIETY, no.65, pp.203-216, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/jecs2021-949898
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-216
  • Keywords: Safety climate, validity, reliability, BEHAVIOR, WORK, DETERMINANTS, PERFORMANCE, VALIDATION
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Occupational accidents are accepted as one of the important problems that areas of today's working life experienced due to significant economic, social, and psychological losses. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the role of safety climate in preventing occupational accidents. A safe climate is the holistic perception shared by employees about the work environment. This research aims to adapt the safety climate scale developed by Hahn and Murphy into the Turkish language. A total of 191 metal industry employees participated in the research. Based on the confirmatory factor analysis results, the scale consists of six items and single factor safety climate scale (Chi-square/df: 2.23; RMSEA: 0.08; NFI: 0.98; NNFI: 0.98; CFI: 0.99; GFI: 0.97; and AGFI: 0.92). The internal consistency of the scale was calculated as 0.857 and item-total correlations ranged between 0.519 and 0.612. As a result, it was concluded that safety climate scale is valid and reliable for Turkish society.