Predictive Plots for Conical Pick Performance using Mechanical and Elastoplastic Properties of Rocks

Yaşar S.

JOURNAL OF ROCK MECHANICS AND GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING, vol.12, no.5, pp.1027-1035, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Page Numbers: pp.1027-1035


Conical picks are by far the most widely used drag type cutting tools employed on partial face rock excavation machines. The cutting force and specific energy are two important design parameters for the conical pick performance, and the rock cutting testing is considered as the promising tool for determining these parameters. In the absence of an instrumented cutting rig, researchers generally rely on empirical predictive plots. For this, this paper suggests predictive plots for estimating the cutting force and specific energy, in consideration of the cutting depth to define the cuttability with conical picks. In this context, rock cutting tests were carried out on six volcanic rock samples with varying cutting depths using the unrelieved and relieved cutting modes. The cutting force and specific energy were correlated with the uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength, elasticity modulus, and plasticity index. Predictive plots were proposed for different cutting depths in the unrelieved and relieved cutting modes and exponential relationships were obtained among the cuttability parameters, and mechanical and elastoplastic properties of rocks.