The pine processionary moth Thaumetopoea pityocampa Den. and Schiff. (Lep., Thaumetopoeidae) is one of the most harmful insect pests for pine species in Mediterranean countries including Turkey. Two Bacillus thuringiensis isolates obtained from T. pityocampa were identified and characterized in terms of crystal shape using electron microscopy, SDS-PAGE analysis, cry gene contents, H-serotype and insecticidal activity. Examination by a scanning electron microscope showed that Tp6 and Tp14 isolates have flat square and bipyramidal crystal shapes, respectively. PCR analysis showed that Tp6 contains cry3 gene and Tp14 isolate contains cry1 and cry2 genes. On the other hand, the presence of Cry3 and Cry1 proteins were confirmed by observation of approximately 65- and 130-kDa proteins by SDS-PAGE in Tp6 and Tp14 isolates, respectively. According to H-serotype results, these isolates were identified as Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. morrisoni (H8a8b). Toxicity tests were performed against six insect species belonging to Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. The highest insecticidal activity was 100% for Tp6 isolate on larvae of Agelastica alni and Leptinotarsa decemlineata and 100% for Tp14 isolate on larvae of Malacosoma neustria. Our results indicate that isolates Tp6 and Tp14 may be valuable biological control agents for various coleopteran and lepidopteran pests.