13. Uluslararası Spor Bilimleri Kongresi, Konya, Türkiye, 7 - 09 Kasım 2014, ss.303
: The purpose of this study is to compare the anthropometric and somatotype characteristics of goalkeepers playing for professional and amateur soccer teams in Trabzon.
: Sixty volunteer goalkeepers, including 30 professional and 30 amateur players from professional and amateur teams in the city of Trabzon, participated in this study. To determine the somatotypes of the participants, their height, weight, and skinfold depths, including environmental and width measurements, were taken as anthropometric measurements. The Heath-Carter method was used in determining the somatotype characteristics. A statistical analysis of the measurements was performed using the SPSS 17.0 program. Descriptive statistics were determined. The frequency values of the data were also considered. Data were measured as frequencies. To make comparisons between professional and amateur goalkeepers, an Independent-samples t-test was applied.
: In our study, the mean age was determined to be 13,06±1,73 years for professional goalkeepers and 13,37±1,71 years for amateur goalkeepers: height averages were164,33±13,62 cms for professional goalkeepers and 159,37±12,39 cms for amateur goalkeepers: and average weight was 54,05±14,88 kgs for professional goalkeepers and 53,94±14,80 kg for amateur goalkeepers. In this study, the average value for anthropometric measurements was 2,1-3,9-3,6 for professional goalkeepers and 2,7-5,1-2,7 for amateur goalkeepers. The somatotype body types of professional goalkeepers were determined to be mesomorph-ectomorph mix, and the body types of amateur goalkeeperes were determined to be mesomorph with a balanced body composition.
At the conclusion of our study, no significant differences (p>0,05) were observed between the height and weight averages, subscapula DKK, biceps and calf circumference measurements of professional and amateur goalkeepers. However, a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) favoring amateur goalkeepers was evident in the triceps DKK, iliac DKK and calf DKK values. In their somatotype assessments, endomorph (p<0,05) and mesomorph (p<0,01) values were in favor of the amateurs, while the ectomorph values (p<0,01) favored professional goalkeepers.