Effects of Different Environment Temperatures on Some Motor Characteristics and Muscle Strength.


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Çakır E., YÜKSEK S. , Asma B., Arslanoğlu E.

International Journal of Environmental & Science Education, vol.11, no.10, pp.3985-3993, 2016 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Environmental & Science Education
  • Page Numbers: pp.3985-3993

Abstract

Effects of Different Environment Temperatures on Some Motor Characteristics and Muscle Strength

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was determine the effects of different environment temperatures on motor characteristics and muscle strength. 15 athletes participated to study. Flexibility, vertical jump, hand grip-leg strength,30m sprint, 20-meter shuttle run and coordination-agility tests were measured in five different environment temperatures. (22°C, 10,5°C, 0°C, -5,5°C ,-11°C). Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to determine whether the data showed normal distribution. ANOVA was used to compare the data for normal distribution and Kruskal-Wallis-H test was used for showing not normal distribution. Additionally, Tukey test and Mann-Whitney U test were used for meaningful difference. The significance levels were taken as 0.01 and 0.05. Significant changes were found all measured parameters compared to cold environment and Significant differences were found in all motor scores except anaerobic capacity (p<0.05). In all sport activities done in hot environment, higher efficiency is obtained compared to those done in cold environment and therefore, performances of athletes increase depending on the environment temperature.

KEYWORDS
Temperature, performance, motor characteristic, muscle strength