Production and assessment of UV-cured resin coated stearyl alcohol/expanded graphite as novel shape-stable composite phase change material for thermal energy storage

GÜLER O., Er Y., HEKİMOĞLU G., Ustaoglu A., SARI A., Subaşı S., ...More

Applied Thermal Engineering, vol.247, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 247
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2024.123105
  • Journal Name: Applied Thermal Engineering
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Coating, Expanded graphite, Shape-stable PCM, Stearyl alcohol, Thermal energy storage, UV-curable resin
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Expanded graphite-phase change materials (PCM) structures are reinforced to polymers with various methods to fabricate advanced thermal energy storage materials. However, these methods still suffer from processing time and product efficiency challenges. In this study, the UV-curing method was used to produce shape-stable EG-PCM-reinforced resin composites with fast curing and low process temperature of the resin. The composite material, comprising UV-curable resin (30 %), stearyl alcohol (65 %), and Expanded graphite (5 %), was synthesized. This synthesis aimed to address the limitations of traditional PCMs, such as low thermal conductivity and leakage. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to characterize the materials' phase change behavior and thermal stability. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses were conducted to elucidate the microstructure and crystallinity of composite materials. The composites, exhibiting near-perfect impermeability with leakage as minimal as 0.89 %, not only enable the attainment of cooler environments by 2–3 °C under hot air conditions but also demonstrate exceptional thermal stability up to 207 °C, as evidenced by TGA results. Additionally, they offer a remarkable melting enthalpy value of 153.1 J/g. These composites, with their shape-retention ability during phase transitions and high thermal energy storage capacity, are a versatile and efficient option for sustainable energy management. This research contributes to the development of innovative materials for renewable energy integration and reducing carbon emissions.