Renal problems following open-heart surgery: A cardiovascular surgeon’s perspective.


Creative Commons License

Altun G. , Pulathan Z.

Turkish Journal of Nephrology, vol.30, no.2, pp.171-175, 2021 (Other Refereed National Journals)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Title of Journal : Turkish Journal of Nephrology
  • Page Numbers: pp.171-175

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Objective:The presence of preoperative kidney disease or the development of postoperative renal failure (RF) is an unde-sirable condition and complication in patients who have undergone open-heart surgery (OHS). The purpose of this study 

is to assess the strategies and practical clinical interventions for patients with preoperative renal function impairment or 

newly developed postoperative renal function impairment subsequent to OHS.

Methods:We retrospectively analyzed 1115 patients who underwent OHS from 2010 to 2018 and collected data from 

184 patients (71 patients had end-stage renal disease with dialysis routine, whereas 113 patients had preoperative com-pensated RF without dialysis requirement).

Results:The mortality rate of 141 patients with end-stage RF who underwent OHS and who needed renal replacement due 

to RF at the postoperative period was 11.34%. Three patients could be withdrawn from cardiopulmonary bypass with the 

help of an intra-aortic balloon pump. Five patients underwent revision due to bleeding. Mean intensive care unit length of 

stay and mean hospitalization duration were 4.3 ± 1.1 and 11.4 ± 1.8, respectively.

Conclusion:Multidisciplinary collaboration for the management of patients with preoperative or postoperative renal dys-function may provide better results in the long term.

Keywords: Cardiac surgery, renal failure, dialysis, renal replacement therapies