Phenolic Profiles, Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Properties of Both Micropropagated and Naturally Growing Plantlets of Calamintha sylvatica subsp. sylvatica Bromf.

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CÜCE M., BEKİRCAN T., Laghari A. H. , Sokmen M. , Sokmen A. , Ucar E. O. , ...Daha Fazla

NOTULAE BOTANICAE HORTI AGROBOTANICI CLUJ-NAPOCA, cilt.47, sa.4, ss.1145-1152, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 47 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.15835/nbha47411474
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1145-1152


A rapid micropropagation protocol was designed to produce Calamintha sylvatica plantlets by using nodal segments as explants for the shoot formation. 6-BA favored the highest shoot formation and biomass yield, whilst kinetin was found superior for the highest shoot length (38.97 +/- 2.85 mm) and node numbers (2.89 +/- 0.63). Rosmarinic acid was detected as major phenolic acid, ranging from 7.59 mg/100 g to 81.44 mg/100 g. Hexane extracts from natural and in vitro propagated plantlets showed activity only against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 with MIC values at 6.25 and 3.33 m/mL, respectively while in the latter case, extracts from natural plantlets exerted higher cytotoxic activity than those of micropropagated ones (IC50 values were 83 mu g/mL and 98 mu g/mL on HeLa cells, respectively). C. sylvatica showed high micropropagation performance and produced remarkable amount of rosmarinic acid in vitro as well as antimicrobial and cytotoxic effect.