Honeys from some different regions of Azerbaijan: bioactive characteristics based on phenolic profile and antioxidant activity

Degirmenci A., Can Z., Boyraci G. M., Yildiz O., Asadov E., Kolayli S.

JOURNAL OF APICULTURAL RESEARCH, vol.59, no.4, pp.390-397, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00218839.2020.1726033
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.390-397
  • Keywords: antioxidant, Azerbaijan honey, phenolic, sugar profile, physico-chemical properties, PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES, MINERAL-CONTENT, QUALITY, CAPACITY, PROLINE, ORIGIN, ACID
  • Karadeniz Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Azerbaijan is an important region for the beekeeping and honey industry. Biochemical characteristics of eleven honey samples from different regions of Azerbaijan were analyzed through measuring electrical conductivity, optical activity, moisture content, proline and diastase number. Phenolic components are analyzed by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with UV-Vis double beam detector. Sugars profiles of samples were carried out using HPLC with a refractive index detector (RID). Total phenolic content (TPC), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity were measured with the aim of gathering information on the antioxidant power of samples. Biochemical and antioxidant characteristics are also supported with melissopalynological data. Conductivity ranged between 0.32 and 0.82 mS cm(-1), moisture 14.52 and 20.78%, proline 314.34 and 1077.21 mg kg(-1), diastase 13.05 and 22.19. Azerbaijan honeys exhibited levorotatory properties. Total phenolic content varied from 18.82 to 154.75 mg gallic acid equivalent per 100 g honey. The results confirm that physico-chemical and biologically active properties of Azerbaijan honeys are affected by the flora and geographical variations.