Anthrax: Management of Pediatric Cases After Exposure

Aydin Z. G. , Ciftcibasi A. G. , ÖZKAYA E. , AKSOY F. , Yilmaz M. A. , Aktas D.

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC INFECTION, vol.12, no.1, pp.20-25, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.5578/ced.201804
  • Page Numbers: pp.20-25


Objective: Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by Bacillus anthracis that can be transmitted to humans from herbivorous animals such as sheep, goats and beef cattle, with infection passing through direct contact with the skin of infected animals, meat and wool, the ingestion of infected meat or the inhalation of spores. Depending on the point of entry of the bacteria, the disease can take three clinical forms, namely skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal system anthrax. Although there is a suggested prophylaxis following the inhalation of B. anthracis spores as a biological weapon, there is a lack of data on treatment after direct contact with infected animals or the ingestion of infected meat. This study proposes a post-contact management method for children who come into contact with an anthrax-infected animal.